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Electricity Prices by State in 2016

Electricity prices increase every year, and 2016 is no different. However, depending on where you live in the United States, there are ways you can pay less for electricity. Here’s what you need to know about the price of electricity in the US in 2016.

electricity rates usa

The Price of Electricity per Kilowatt-hour

According to the US Energy Information Administration, the average national price of electricity in 2016 is projected to stay the same as it was in 2015, at about about 12.7 cents per kWh. With average US household consumption at roughly 10,908 kWh per year, this works out to roughly $115 per month, or about $1385 a year.

Keep in mind, however, that the actual price of electricity per kWh will vary depending on where you live, how much electricity you consume, and may even change depending on the time of day that you use it. What's more, a lower rates doesn't necessarily make for a lower overall bill - while states like Louisiana enjoy some of the lowest rates in the country, hot weather (and subsequent air conditioning usage) means that the typical Louisiana energy bill is greater than states with more expensive power rates and moderate climates (such as Northern California).

Find Out MoreWhat is a Kilowatt-Hour?

Price of Electricity by State

For a variety of reasons, including regional taxes, local power generation sources, and delivery costs, electricity prices vary by state. According to data from fall 2015, the cheapest state for residential electricity is Washington, at 9.41 cents/kWh, while the most expensive electricity is in Hawaii, at 28.22 cents/kWh. Such a dramatic difference in price per kWh reflects different costs of generating electricity; whereas Washington is lucky to have abundant supply of relatively cheap hydropower, Hawaii relies on expensive oil imports as fuel for its electricity generation.

Residential Electricity Rate by State
Census Division and State October 2015 October 2014
New England 18.37 17.82
Connecticut 20.05 20.38
Maine 14.87 15.82
Massachusetts 18.37 16.90
New Hampshire 17.73 18.07
Rhode Island 19.68 17.19
Vermont 17.44 17.39
Middle Atlantic 16.31 16.28
New Jersey 15.55 15.58
New York 18.38 19.43
Pennsylvania 14.49 13.42
East North Central 13.41 13.46
Illinois 13.47 13.52
Indiana 11.77 12.21
Michigan 14.59 14.70
Ohio 12.89 13.12
Wisconsin 14.87 13.91
West North Central 11.70 11.37
Iowa 11.70 11.21
Kansas 12.34 12.78
Minnesota 12.76 12.35
Missouri 11.07 10.64
Nebraska 10.95 10.73
North Dakota 10.59 9.77
South Dakota 11.70 11.22
South Atlantic 11.94 11.98
Delaware 14.40 14.63
District of Columbia 13.90 13.17
Florida 11.61 11.91
Georgia 11.09 11.42
Maryland 15.35 13.97
North Carolina 12.11 11.89
South Carolina 12.65 12.83
Virginia 11.52 11.57
West Virginia 10.98 9.71
East South Central 11.11 10.97
Alabama 12.00 11.74
Kentucky 10.74 10.51
Mississippi 11.16 11.49
Tennessee 10.63 10.36
West South Central 11.01 11.43
Arkansas 10.00 9.87
Louisiana 9.55 9.70
Oklahoma 11.12 10.83
Texas 11.41 12.07
Mountain 11.91 11.71
Arizona 12.22 11.90
Colorado 11.74 11.81
Idaho 10.32 10.20
Montana 11.29 10.72
Nevada 12.99 13.21
New Mexico 12.71 12.67
Utah 10.58 10.16
Wyoming 11.56 11.14
Pacific Contiguous 13.47 12.20
California 14.98 13.35
Oregon 10.93 10.78
Washington 9.41 8.80
Pacific Noncontiguous 25.07 29.50
Alaska 20.62 20.03
Hawaii 28.22 36.17
U.S. Total 12.73 12.60

Source: EIA
Note: these figures are for the month of October in 2014 and 2015 only, and are not annual averages

The Price of Electricity in 2016: an upwards trend


Retail electricity prices have been on a steady rise since a historical low point in 2002. While historically rates have risen at lower rates than the general rate of inflation, residential rates jumped by over 3% in 2014, the biggest annual growth rate since 2008.


Why are electricity rates increasing?

Luckily for consumers, the jump in rate increases has slowed since then, largely due to low natural gas prices and reduced demand for energy after a warmer fall and winter. In fact, the EIA predicts that warmer winter temperatures for 2016 (about 15% warmer than last winter) will make for relatively lower heating costs for most households throughout the US: average households that heats primarily with natural gas will spend about 17% less on that fuel this winter compared with last year, and for customers heating with electricity in the Northeast, Midwest, and South (where temperatures have been warmer than expected) the EIA forecasts winter heating expenditures are to be 9% lower than last year.

However, this isn’t expected to last - with major investments in grid modernization and increasing generation capacity for renewables, along with increased environmental efficiency standards, retail electricity prices will only increase in the long term. In fact, the EIA forecasts retail prices to rise again by about 3% in 2017.

Find out more Learn about what factors affect the price of electricity

How to Pay Less for Electricity

Luckily, there are several things you can do to pay less for your energy if your utility bills are making you feel the pinch. 

Use Less Energy, Pay Less on Your Bill

Hands down, the most effective thing you can do to reduce your energy bills is to simply use less energy. Throughout most of the US, most of the charges that make up the price of your electricity (supply costs, delivery costs, and state taxes/surcharges) are charged on a cents per kWh basis, so decreasing your monthly consumption can have a big impact on your overall energy bill (unless you live in Texas - find out why). From changing a few simple habits to making some targeted investments in energy efficiency, there are plenty of ways to save energy around the home, and reduce your monthly energy bills in the process.

Should You Go Solar?

Increasing electricity rates are making home solar more attractive. But is it worth it? Decide for yourself by finding the answers to these questions:

  • How many kilowatt-hours does your home use per month on average?
  • How much roof area do you have (where you can install panels)? How much of this area is south-facing?
  • How many sun hours does your home get per day (averaged over the course of the year)?
  • How much can you afford to invest in offsetting your energy bill?

Make sure to check out what kinds of tax incentives are available in your area, and under what conditions you can claim them. There are a number of companies that lease solar panels, which may be an option for customers who don't want to defray up-front costs.

Check out Google's Project Sunroof, which might be able to help you decide whether solar panels are right for you

Compare Electricity Rates and Save

If you live in an area where energy is deregulated, you have the power to choose who supplies your electricity and/or natural gas. This means you have a choice of how much you pay for your energy. Alternate suppliers offer a variety of price and plan length options, and by taking a few minutes to shop around you may able to save on your utility bills.

Call us at 347-410-8789 (New York customers) or at 832-460-0233 (Texas customers) to speak to an energy expert and find the lowest rate available in your area.  


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